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Family reunification and children's education are the most important factors affecting the integration of immigrants in Spain. The right of minors to receive basic education is reflected in the Constitution, the organic law of July 3, 1985 in its first article:

1.- All Spaniards have the right to basic education, which allows them to develop their personality and engage in activities that are useful to society.

2.- Everyone also has the right to access higher levels of education in accordance with his or her abilities and vocation, and in no case shall this right be exercised, subject to discrimination due to economic opportunities, social status or place of residence. a student

3.- Foreigners residing in Spain also have the right referred to in sections 1 and 2 of this article. This right is guaranteed outside the legal status of parents, which means that every child of school age has the right to basic education, regardless of whether their parents are in an irregular situation in Spain.

There are three stages of schooling in Spain:

1. Primary education: This goes from six to 12 years with three two-year periods (years 1 and 2; 3 and 4; 5 and 6). If children have not reached the required stage after each period, they may have to repeat a year.

2. Secondary school: Lower secondary ( educación secundaria obligatoria) runs from 12 to 16.

3.Upper secondary: This is non-compulsory schooling from 16 to 18. Students can take Bachillerato, the equivalent of A-levels and similar to the International Baccalaureate. Most immigrants who come to Spain and are forced to go to school do not know what steps they should take; Each municipality of different communities has developed guidelines to assist the immigrant.

We will talk about how to enroll in school in the Spanish education system in basic education (from 6 to 16 years old), primary and secondary:

- To visit the training center, first you must apply (matricula)

- Learn about the educational centers your child can attend, and you can decide what is best for you. In each community, the education system is different and needs to be informed about the specific requirements of each center. - It is recommended to start training as soon as possible, if you have recently arrived in Spain, at least to apply, you can even do it in absentia, for example via https//

- Learn about the official languages ​​of the center in which you want to enroll your child, pay attention to the subjects being studied. Fill out an application and take into account the preferences of your children before sending registration.

When to register?

Registration takes place from March to May, in early September, and if you just arrived, and circumstances force you to do it later, your child will be able to immediately join one of the schools, but this will depend only on where there are places. . Enrollment is carried out in the selected center, in the town hall (educational zone), territorial offices of education or in the office for receiving immigrants.

What documents do you need?

Although it depends on which community you are in, the main documents you need are: a photocopy of your father’s or mother’s identity card or passport, a family book or document that shows the child’s data (names, date of birth, parents, nationality) etc.), documentation of the research (bulletin, education certificate, etc.), vaccination card and registration at the place of residence (empadronamiento).

Various recommendations for studying in Spain:

Obra’s La Caixa social network has developed information on immigrants with school-age children, which provides practical information that is accessible and understandable to the Spanish education system. A basic guide for parents who need to know how to educate their children. School guide Education system in Spain. The online community of the educational community of Castile and Leon provides guidance on the proper exercise of their right to education, has access to an explanation of the Spanish education system and the necessary procedures for its inclusion. And the guide is presented in 9 different languages, see Educational Information for Parents and Immigrant Students. Euskadi also has an Orientation Guide for teaching children of immigrants, see the Orientation section for teaching immigrant students. Leoaco Berricegunea

How to get a long-term student visa in Spain?

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